• 1967 February 28
    (b.) - ?


An Australian computer programmer best known as the author of and contributor to the Samba file server, and co-inventor of the rsync algorithm, he is known for his analysis of complex proprietary protocols and algorithms, to allow compatible free and open source software implementations. He was a major developer of the Samba software, analyzing the Server Message Block protocol used for workgroup and network file sharing by Microsoft Windows products. He developed the talloc hierarchical memory allocator, originally as part of Samba. Attending Barker College at Hornsby, NSW, he completed his Higher School Certificate in 1984. He completed a degree with majors in Applied Mathematics and Physics at the University of Sydney in 1988, before moving to Canberra to complete an Honours degree at the Australian National University, in which he received first class honours in theoretical physics. He completed his Ph.D. at the Computer Sciences Laboratory of the Australian National University. His original doctorate work was in the area of speech recognition but was never completed. For his Ph.D. thesis, he co-developed rsync, including the rsync algorithm, a highly efficient file transfer and synchronisation tool. He also was the original author of rzip, which uses a similar algorithm to rsync. He developed spamsum, based on the same locality-sensitive hashing algorithms. His submitted thesis ?Efficient Algorithms for Sorting and Synchronization? was based on his work on the rsync algorithm. He is the author of ?KnightCap?, a reinforcement-learning based chess engine. He was also a leader in hacking the TiVo to make it work in Australia, which uses the PAL video format. In April 2005, he tried to produce free software (now known as SourcePuller) that interoperated with the BitKeeper source code repository. This was cited as the reason that BitMover revoked a license allowing Linux developers free use of their BitKeeper product. Linus Torvalds, the creator of the Linux kernel, and he were thus involved in a public debate about the events, in which he stated that, not having bought or owned BitKeeper ? and thus having never agreed to its license ? he couldn't violate it, and was merely analyzing the protocol ethically, as he had done with Samba. His involvement in the project resulted in Linus accusing him of playing dirty tricks with BitKeeper. He claimed his analysis started with simply telneting to a BitKeeper server and typing HELP. In 2011 he got involved with the software development of ArduPilot Mega, an open source Arduino-based UAV controller board, working on an entry for the UAV Challenge Outback Rescue. He started his career working for Efam Resources from 1987 to 1988, designing computer models of financial markets. His work led to a product named The Options Analyst, which he marketed and sold for five years. From 1988 to 1989, he worked as a software developer for a company named Sonartech Pty. Ltd. (now Sonartech Atlas), which developed sonar technologies for Australian submarines. He worked on passive sonar technology. Between 1989 and 1990, he was employed at the Research School of Biological Sciences in the Australian National University, making computer models of physical and biological events and environments such as bushfire spread and population dynamics. From 1991 to 1999, he held various other positions at the Australian National University, such as UNIX administration, satellite control, and supercomputer research. During this period he was seconded to the Cooperative Research Centre for Advanced Computational Systems, where he headed the PIOuS (Parallel Input/Output System) project?later HiDIOS (High-performance Distributed Input/Output System) for parallel file systems on the Fujitsu AP1000 and AP+ supercomputers. He also went on to lecture, first as an associate lecturer, and then as a casual lecturer, in the university's Computer Science division. He remains a Visiting Fellow of the University. In mid-1999, he joined the LinuxCare company's office in Canberra as their first Australian employee. He helped to assemble 14 staff for a research and development team known as OzLabs. Linux and open-source companies were quite a new concept at this stage. He was made a research fellow of LinuxCare in 2000. In March 2001, he joined VA Linux Systems. He worked in the network attached storage division for VA Linux Systems, making enhancements to Samba and the Linux kernel to provide enhanced performance for their network-attached storage device range. He continued his work with network-attached storage technologies when he joined Quantum Corporation as a Senior Engineer in the Storage Systems Group. His role once again involved developing functionality and efficiency modifications into Samba to enhance Quantum's GuardianOS-powered Snap Server network-attached storage device. One of the features that he added to Samba at this time was support for Microsoft's Active Directory technology, a new authentication system introduced with Microsoft's Windows 2000 Server product range. In 2004, he was employed by IBM working remotely for the Almaden Research Center. In January 2005, he joined the OSDL on a one-year fellowship; after which he returned to IBM. Every year since 2009 he (with Bob Edwards) has taught a course titled COMP8440 Free and Open Source Software Development at the Australian National University. This course is running for the fifth time in 2013. Among the many awards and honors he has received are: the Linux Australia's Rusty Wrench for service to the Australian Open Source community in January 2014; In October 2003, The Bulletin magazine judged him to be Australia's smartest Information and Communications Technology person; In January 2006, the Free Software Foundation awarded him its 2005 Award for the Advancement of Free Software, for his work on Samba, the Linux kernel, and rsync. He was considered to have furthered an important goal of the free software movement since the founding of GNU, analyzing ways for free software to interact with widespread proprietary systems to allow people to more easily move away from those systems; he was named "Best Interoperator" in July 2008 at the Google-O'Reilly Open Source Awards, for his work on Samba and Rsync; and he (along with Jeremy Allison and Volker Lendecke) has been called a "guru in its traditional Indian meaning" by IT writer, Sam Varghese.
  • Date of Birth:

    1967 February 28
  • Noted For:

    Co-inventor of the rsync algorithm, a highly efficient file transfer and synchronization tool
  • Category of Achievement:

  • More Info: