• 1944 April 07
    (b.) - ?


An American computer scientist, he graduated from Swarthmore College, southwest of Philadelphia in 1966. In 1968, he received his Master's and Engineer's degrees in Electrical Engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he worked on the I/O architecture of Multics under Jerry Saltzer. He received his Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from MIT in 1973. From 1981 to 1989, he acted as Chief Protocol Architect in the development of the Internet, and chaired the Internet Activities Board, which later became the Internet Architecture Board. He has also served as Chairman of the Computer Sciences and Telecommunications Board of the National Research Council. He is currently a Senior Research Scientist at the MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. In 1990 he was awarded the SIGCOMM Award in recognition of his major contributions to Internet protocol and architecture. He received in 1998 the IEEE Richard W. Hamming Medal. In 2001 he was inducted as a Fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery and he was awarded the Telluride Tech Festival Award of Technology in Telluride, Colorado. In 2011 he received the Internet & Society Lifetime Achievement Award from the Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford. Among the several publications he has authored or co-authored are: , "An Input/Output Architecture for Virtual Memory Computer Systems", Ph.D. dissertation, Project MAC Technical Report 117, January 1974; with L.W. McKnight, W. Lehr, (eds.), Internet Telephony, MIT Press, 2001, ISBN 0-262-13385-7; "The Design Philosophy of the DARPA Internet Protocols", Computer Communications Review 18:4, August 1988, pp. 106?114; and with K. Sollins, J. Wroclawski, T. Faber, "Addressing Reality: An Architectural Response to Real-World Demands on the Evolving Internet", ACM SIGGCOMM 2003 Workshops, Karlsruhe, August 2003.