• 1811
    (b.) -


Bain's first patent was dated January 11, 1841, and was in the names of John Barwise, chronometer maker, and Alexander Bain, mechanist. It describes his electric clock which uses a pendulum kept moving by electromagnetic impulses. He improved on this in later patents, including a proposal to derive the required electricity from an "earth battery", which consisted of plates of zinc and copper buried in the ground. Later he went on to invent and develop an early facsimile machine in 1843, eleven years before workable telephones. In 1846 he invented a method of chemical telegraph that beat out the mechanical telegraph by 240 words per minute.
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    Inventor of the electric clock and pioneer of telegraph
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