• 1957
    (b.) - ?


Born in Eureka, California), he is an architect of operating systems and computer languages. He brought multitasking to personal computers in 1985 with the creation of the Amiga Computer operating system kernel, and he is currently the designer of the REBOL computer language as well as the CTO of REBOL Technologies. From his early childhood he was actively involved in electronics, amateur radio, photography, and filmmaking and when he was 13, began working for KEET a PBS public broadcasting television station. A year later he became a cameraman for KVIQ (American Broadcasting Company affiliate then) and worked his way up to being technical director and director for news, commercials, and local programming. In 1980 he graduated from the University of California, Davis with a B.S. in EECS (electrical engineering and computer science). During his studies he became interested in operating systems, parallel processing, programming languages, and neurophysiology. He was a teaching assistant for graduate computer language courses and a research assistant in neuroscience and behavioral biology. During his final year at the university, he joined Hewlett Packard's Computer Systems Division as a member of the Multi-Programming Executive (MPE) file system design group for HP3000 computers. His task was to implement a compiler for a new type of control language called Outqueue-- a challenge because the language was both descriptive and procedural. A year later, he became a member of the MPE-IV OS kernel team and later part of the HPE kernel group. While at HP, he became interested in minimizing the high complexity found in most operating systems of that time and set out to formulate his own concepts of a microkernel-based OS. He proposed them to HP, but found the large company complacent to the "smaller OS" ideas. In late 1981 and early 1982 he took an academic leave to do atmospheric physics research for National Science Foundation at Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station. Upon returning, he reached an agreement with HP to pursue independent research into new areas of computing, including graphical user interfaces and remote procedure call methods of distributed computing. Later in 1982, impressed by the new computing ideas being published from Xerox PARC and the MIT Media Lab, he formed an HP project to develop the modern style of window-based mouse-driven GUIs. The project, called ?Probus? (for professional business workstation) was created on a prototype Sun Microsystems workstation borrowed from Andy Bechtolsheim while he was at Stanford University. Probus clearly demonstrated the power of graphical user interfaces, and the system also incorporated hyperlinks and early distributed computing concepts. At HP, he was involved and influenced by a range of HP language projects including Ada, Pascal, Smalltalk, Lisp, Forth, SPL, and a variety of experimental languages. In 1983, he joined Amiga Computer, Inc., a small startup company in Silicon Valley. As Manager of Operating Systems he was asked to design a new operating system for the Amiga, an advanced multimedia personal computer system that later became the Commodore Amiga. As a sophisticated computer for its day (Amiga used 25 DMA channels and a coprocessor), he decided to create a preemptive multitasking operating system within a microkernel design. This was a novel approach for 1983 when other personal computer operating systems were single tasking such as MSDOS (1981) or were non-preemptive such as the Macintosh (1984). The Amiga multitasking kernel was also one of the first to implement a microkernel OS methodology based on a real-time message passing (inter-process communication) core known as Exec (for executive) with dynamically loaded libraries and devices as optional modules around the core. This design gave the Amiga OS a great extensibility and flexibility within the limited memory capacity of computers in the 1980s. He later noted that the design came as a necessity of trying to integrate into ROM dozens of internal libraries and devices including graphics, sound, graphical user interface, floppy disc, file systems, and others. This dynamic modular method also allowed hundreds of additional modules to be added by external developers over the years. After the release of the Amiga in 1985, he left Commodore-Amiga to pursue new programming language design ideas that he had been contemplating since his university days. In 1986, he was recruited to Apple Computer's highly respected Advanced Technology Group (ATG) to invent the next generation of operating systems. He was part of the Aquarius project, a quad-core CPU project (simulated on Apple's own Cray XMP-48) that was intended to become a 3D-based successor to the Macintosh. During that period the C++ language had just been introduced, but he, along with many other Apple researchers, preferred the more pure OO implementation of the Smalltalk language. Working at ATG with computing legends like Alan Kay, Larry Tessler, Dan Ingalls, Bill Atkinson and many others provided him with a wealth of resources and knowledge that helped shape his current views of computing languages and systems. In 1988, he left Silicon Valley for the mountains of Ukiah valley, 2 hours north of San Francisco. From there he founded multimedia technology companies such as Pantaray, American Multimedia, and VideoStream. He also implemented the Logo programming language for the Commodore Amiga, managed the software OS development for CDTV, one of the first CD-ROM TV set-top boxes, and wrote the OS for Viscorp Ed, one of the first Internet TV set-top boxes. In 1996, after watching the growth and development of programming languages like Java, Perl, and Python, he decided to publish his own ideas within the world of computer languages. The result was REBOL, the ?Relative Expression-Based Object Language?. In 1998, he founded REBOL Technologies, a company he still runs. He explains REBOL as a proper balance between the concepts of context and symbolism, allowing users to create new relationships between symbols and their meanings. By doing so, he claims concepts such as those of code, data, and metadata merge seamlessly together. He calls REBOL his grand experiment, because unlike most programming languages, REBOL provides greater control over context, and words can be used to form different grammars in different contexts (called dialecting). He claims REBOL is the ultimate endpoint for the evolution of markup language methodologies, such as XML. The other main idea behind REBOL is to keep computing lightweight, and more specifically to offer a more efficient method of distributed computing. He concludes that modern computing is much more complex than it needs to be, and that's bad for users and developers alike. He admits that REBOL is not for everyone. The language is advanced and different in many ways. He has suggested that some users might be better off "forgetting most of what they already know" and starting fresh to obtain a new outlook on computing. He has written several new versions of REBOL and produced additional products such as REBOL/View, REBOL/Command, REBOL/SDK, and REBOL/IOS. He has also written thousands of pages about REBOL, hundreds of script examples, and a dozen or more useful REBOL applications. He is currently in the process of implementing the next generation of REBOL, V3.0 (which was due out in 2009).
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    Creator of the Amiga Computer operating system kernel, which brought multitasking to personal computers and the designer of the REBOL computer language
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