• 1938
    (b.) - ?


Born in McKeesport Pennsylvania, near Pittsburgh, in 1938, he grew up in Flint Michigan he was granted a National Merit scholarship to MIT where he joined Kappa Sigma fraternity. Awarded a degree in physics he arrived at Stanford where he studied mathematics for 2 years. He then worked on Fortran II for the IBM 704 to predict Moonwatch satellite observations at Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. Around this time he began learning Algol for the Burroughs B5500 to optimize and as Charles H Moore and Associates, he wrote a Fortran-Algol translator to support a timesharing service. In 1968, while employed at the United States National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO), heinvented the initial version of the Forth programming language to help control radio telescopes. In 1971 he co-founded (with Elizabeth Rather) FORTH, Inc., the first, and still one of the leading, purveyors of Forth solutions. During the 1970s he ported Forth to dozens of computer architectures. In the 1980s, he turned his attention and Forth development techniques to CPU design, developing several stack machine microprocessors and gaining several microprocessor-related patents along the way. His designs have all emphasized high performance at low power usage. He also explored alternate Forth architectures such as cmForth and machine Forth, which more closely matched his chips' machine languages. These later evolved in 1996 into colorForth for the IBM PC. In 1983 he founded Novix, Inc., where he developed the NC4000 processor. This design was licensed to Harris Semiconductor which marketed it as the RTX2000, a radiation hardened stack processor which has been used in numerous NASA missions. In 1985 at his consulting firm Computer Cowboys, he developed the Sh-Boom processor. Starting in 1990, he developed his own VLSI CAD system, OKAD, to overcome limitations in existing CAD software. He used these tools to develop several multi-core minimal instruction set computer (MISC) chips: the MuP21 in 1990 and the F21 in 1993. He was a founder of iTv Corp, one of the first companies to work on internet appliances. In 1996 he designed another custom chip for this system, the i21. One of his recent projects is the colorForth dialect of Forth, a language derived from the scripting language for his custom VLSI CAD system, OKAD. In 2001, he rewrote OKAD in colorForth and designed the c18 processor. In 2005, he co-founded and became Chief Technology Officer of IntellaSys, which develops and markets his chip designs, such as the seaForth-24 multi-core processor. In 2009, he co-founded and became CTO of GreenArrays, Inc. which is marketing the GA4 and GA144 multi-computer chips. He is the author of, "History of Programming Languages, Volume 2" (excerpt) 1996, ISBN 0-201-89502-1.