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An American computer engineer and Internet pioneer, he earned his PhD in Computer and Communication Sciences from the University of Michigan in 1971. While at Michigan he worked on the ARPA sponsored Conversational Use of Computers (CONCOMP) project and developed DEC PDP-8 based hardware and software to allow terminals to be connected over phone lines to an IBM 360 mainframe. He was the chairman of the Gateway Algorithms and Data Structures Task Force (GADS) and the first chairman of the Internet Architecture Task Force. He invented the Network Time Protocol (1981), the DEC LSI-11 based fuzzball router that was used for the 56 kbit/s NSFNET (1985), the Exterior Gateway Protocol (1984), inspired the author of ping for BSD (1983), and had the first FTP implementation. He has authored numerous RFCs. In 1999 he was inducted as a Fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery, and in 2002, he was inducted as a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE). In 2008, he was elected to the National Academy of Engineering (NAE). Currently, he is an Emeritus Professor at the University of Delaware, where he was a full Professor from 1986 to 2008. He also currently holds an adjunct appointment at Delaware so that he can continue to teach.
Noted For:Inventor of the Network Time Protocol, the DEC LSI-11 based fuzzball router used for the 56 kbit/s NSFNET, the Exterior Gateway Protocol, and had the first FTP implementation
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